Guru Nanak Sahib was the founder of Sikh religion. He was born (Prakash) in 1469 at Rai Bhoe Ki Talwandi now known as Nankana Sahib. He visited many places in the world to spread the Naam of Akal Purkh (God). He tried to pull out people from misconceptions, superstitions and other customs and traditions which are misconceived in life.
Guru Nanak Sahib gave the first Scientific Definition of Akal Purkh
ੴ ਸਤਿ ਨਾਮੁ ਕਰਤਾ ਪੁਰਖੁ ਨਿਰਭਉ ਨਿਰਵੈਰੁ ਅਕਾਲ ਮੂਰਤਿ ਅਜੂਨੀ ਸੈਭੰ ਗੁਰ ਪ੍ਸਾਦਿ॥ Jap – 1
The fundamental principle of Sikhism is
ਹੁਕਮਿ ਰਜਾਈ ਚਲਣਾ ਨਾਨਕ ਲਿਖਿਆ ਨਾਲਿ ॥੧॥ Jap – 1
Guru Nanak Sahib has clearly spelt out in the begining of Guru Granth Sahib that if we want to become one with the Akal Purkh then we need to act according to His Hukam and His Will (Deep rooted Hukam which is difficult to realise easily).
It is commonly understood (or mis-understood) that Hukam (ਹੁਕਮੁ) is similar to an order of someone holding an eminent position like our elders, teachers, manager, officer, landlord, etc. However, Guru Granth Sahib considers the Hukam of Akal Purkh, related to laws of nature, religion, natural system, realities of universe, etc. Hukam is not confined to a single word, but encompasses all aspects of life and nature. In Guru Granth Sahib the word Hukam has been used as (ਭੈ) also. Guru Nanak Sahib has clearly spelt out in the begining of Guru Granth Sahib that if we want to become one with the Akal Purkh then we need to act according to His Hukam and His Will (ਰਜ਼ਾ) (Deep rooted Hukam which is difficult to realise easily).
The various Shabads present in Guru Granth Sahib clarify that Hukam is not just an order but it is related with the functioning of this whole universe. Naam, Hukam and Truth ( ਨਾਮੁ, ਹੁਕਮੁ, ਸਚ ) are inter related and we can understnad about them through the Shabad (ਸਬਦੁ) only. Hence, we should study, analyse and practically follow Guru Granth Sahib so that we can understand the Hukam of Akal Purkh.
Family members of Guru Nanak Sahib
Father = Sri Mehta Kalyan Das Jee (Baba Kalu)
Mother = Mata Tripta Jee
Sister = Bebe Nanaki Jee
Wife = Mata Sulakhni Jee
Two sons = Baba Sri Chand Jee and Baba Lakhmi Das Jee.
Bebe Nanaki Jee and Rai Bular were the first persons who recognized Guru Nanak Sahib as a great personality during his childhood.
Author: Dr. Sarbjit Singh